Sports Injuries and When to See a Doctor
Definition Of Sports Injuries
These injuries occur when one engages in an exercise or a particular sport. This could be indoor activities as well as outdoor sports.
Sports injuries can be caused by overtraining, improper technique or form, and lack of conditioning, among other reasons. Failing to warm up before can be catastrophic as it can increase the risk of injuries.
Sports injuries can result; in strains, tears, sprains, bruises, and broken bones. Ligaments, fascia, bursae, muscles, and soft tissues may also be affected. Another potential injury associated with sports is Traumatic brain injury (TBI) which affects the victim's brain. These injuries range from mild to severe. Below are some of the complications that are a result of sports injuries:
A stress fracture causes pain while doing activities. This sports injury occurs when a bone absorbs too much pressure from muscles. This is likely to happen when one increases activity, exceptionally when it is too quick. Statistics show that women are more prone to stress fractures compared to men. In most cases, stress fractures develop on the lower legs and feet. Rest is an excellent remedy to allow stress fractures to heal.
These are repetitive use injuries common among runners and those new to a particular sport or exercise. Its symptoms include aching, throbbing, or sharp pain in the lower part of the leg. The pain is caused by the inflammation of muscles and tendons around the tibia. If the pain is not severe, resting and stretching are advised. Putting ice on the affected area can also help relieve shin splints. Placing a bandage on the affected area may help to prevent the swelling. Flat feet may increase the risks of shin splints. Proper sporting shoes offer enough support and reduce the risk of shin splints.
This type of injury occurs when the ankle twists, turns or rolls awkwardly. A sprained ankle may arise when doing daily activities or when playing a sport. The sprain may also be caused by stepping on an uneven surface. The ligaments supporting the joint are overstretched, which results in a sprained ankle. The pain associated with the sprained ankle may be mild or severe. However, there are over-the-counter anti-inflammatory drugs and remedies to facilitate healing. If the situation is dire, one is advised to visit a doctor.
Low Back Pain
Low back pain is a prevalent, painful condition. The lower part of the spine is affected. This sports injury is caused by ligament sprain or muscle strain. Some of the causes of low back pain include:
a ruptured disc
Low back pain may be caused by overuse, including lifting heavy weights or doing an activity that makes you bend for a long time. In most cases, the pain will disappear after some time. Anti-inflammatory medications can be of great help in providing relief. Resting is also prescribed. Increasing the duration of slow workouts and proper form can help to protect the back. However, some cases of low back pain may require medical or surgical intervention.
This sports injury is also known as muscle strain. It is common in many sporting activities. It comes about when a muscle tears due to overstretching. Listed below are some of the symptoms of a pulled muscle:
Inability or difficulty in using the muscle.
The most common parts affected by muscle pull are the groin, shoulders, low back, hamstrings, and calves. Minor muscle pulls may be resolved through compression, elevation, and rest. However, series injuries require evaluation and treatment by a professional.
It is an overuse injury that is associated with racket sports. It happens due to inflammation of the tendons on the outside part of the elbow. Tiny tears cause inflammation. The tennis elbow causes much pain to the victim and is associated with a weak grip. Rest is advised to facilitate healing. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medication can also be administered. Physical therapy may also be helpful when dealing with tennis elbow.
It is the inflammation that occurs on the lower back of the leg. The inflammation causes pain that may worsen after physical activity. The tendon thickens, and sometimes the area may develop bone spurs. The condition may be treated through stretching, rest, ice, or anti-inflammatory drugs. Special shoes can help to deal with the situation. If the condition worsens after resting, it is wise to visit a doctor.
Prevention Of Sports Injury
Physical activities are vital when it comes to overall health. However, precautions should always be taken to reduce the risks of sports injuries. Maintaining a good posture and using correct equipment while training can help prevent sports injuries. To protect your body against injuries during sporting activities, it is essential to wear recommended protective gear. Rests between workouts enable the body to have a rest and also repair the worn-out tissues. Another strategy that may help prevent sports injuries is starting the activity slowly and increasing the pace gradually. Lastly, it is also essential to listen to your body during workouts and back off if you feel signs of discomfort, stress, or pain.
When To See A Doctor
Some sports injuries are mild, while others are severe. For acute sports injuries, which may include: broken bone, badly torn ligament, or dislocation, checking in the emergency room is inevitable.
It would help if you considered booking an online appointment via telehealth platform Ourdoctor when an injury still hurts even after trying rest or stretching. Some wounds disappear until you exercise again and the pain is back.